(A Bit of History According to Strongblade)
Medieval swords ranged in length, but when Strongblade refers to a medieval sword, we are usually referring to a blade that is
less than 38 inches or what was generally referred to as an "Arming Sword" or a knights secondary sword. These swords
were almost always worn by the knight except in combat (when the knight would usually bring a larger battle sword). Swords of
longer length from that time period are sometimes referred to as "Infantry Swords", "Battle Swords", "Hand-and-a-Half Swords"
or "Two-Handed Swords" depending on the style and who was wielding them.
Medieval swords almost always have pommels (often using a variation of the standard "disk" pommel), usually have well defined crosses (or quillons), and typically have long fullers (indented grooves running along the blade). Of the many medieval swords that have been excavated or found, quite a few have engravings on the blades. Usually, these engravings were of a religious nature, with sacred phrases or sketches etched into the blade and usually filled with another metal, like silver.
When Strongblade refers to a "Battle Sword," we are referring to most European medieval swords with blades longer than 35" or so. real battle swords had blades well in excess of this, and, in fact, a 35" sword was considered a bit skimpy for fighting skirmishes. But for home use and light sparring, a 36" blade is fairly long.
These swords can be sub-categorized into hand-and-a-half swords/bastard swords and two handed swords. Swords of this nature would have been a Knight"s primary weapon on the battle field because of their strength, reach, and armor-splitting weight.
These weapons were intended to smash and slice through thick armor, so had to be quite heavy and sharp. While the point of the sword could be used to pierce (and the final killing blow with these swords often was a thrust), this was primarily a slashing weapon.
Many of these swords feature a riccatta " a dull section of the blade just below the hilt. The swordsman could place a hand on this riccatta allowing him to grip the blade a little higher, which gave the swordsman more leverage for the swing (a bit like choking up on a modern baseball bat). This was especially useful for in-fighting (fighting at close quarters), or for more precise thrusts. One of the more popular techniques with these weapons was to use both hands to thrust the blade into an opponents visor, or into gaps in their armor.
Inspired by Model SBA-WARSPIKE