Captain Morgan' s Flintlock Pistol
Captain Henry John Morgan
It is both sad and humorous that Captain Henry Morgan , a cruel and astonishingly successful pirate based in Jamaica, is known by the masses only as 'the cool dude on the bottle of Captain Morgan�s rum'. It�s probably a little ironic too, seeing as how that particular rum is made in Puerto Rico, and Morgan ravaged parts of Puerto Rico on more than one occasion. In fact, he was a hated enemy of the Puerto Rican government and people. That aside, I suppose it�s fitting that the Puerto Ricans profit from his image after the huge booty that he plundered from that island (and we�re not talking about Jennifer Lopez here).
Morgan, a Welshman, was known primarily for two things: his brilliant tactics and the horrendous cruelty of his crews. Technically speaking, he wasn�t really a pirate, he was a privateer. The difference between those two gets little muddy at times, but it�s basically the difference between a guy who breaks your kneecaps and steals your money, and a guy who breaks your kneecaps and steals your money after he hears the mayor say �boy, I wish someone would break that guy�s kneecaps.�
Privateers worked, ostensibly, for their country. They were basically pirates that robbed from enemies of their countries. Morgan worked for Jamaica, and was probably that country�s greatest flintlock in the 1600s. He took over parts of Puerto Rico, Cuba, Santa Catalina, and Panama several times, and caused no end of headaches for the Spanish government (Jamaica was a colony of England).
Despite his brilliance, Morgan was one of the cruelest pirates/privateers in the Caribbean. His crews were known to torture, rape and murder without remorse, and Morgan did little to discourage this.
At the end of his career, Morgan was made the Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica. He died of tuberculosis in 1688 and was buried in Jamaica. Interestingly, an earthquake destroyed the cemetery where he was buried and returned him to sea.
Blunderbuss Barrels are much wider than standard gun barrels. These types of barrels were designed this way for two reasons; First, the wider mouth made it easier to load the gun in a hurry (try loading a standard flintlock in a hurry -- perhaps with a screaming ensign from the Royal Navy charging you with saber drawn � and you�d no doubt start longing for a little wide-mouth love from your firearm). Second, the wider barrel allowed multiple projectiles to be shot from the gun, thereby increasing your threat radius. A gun firing several lead shots or a peppering of lead could take out several opponents with one blast, which proved useful in crowd control situations, or on board a ship where many opponents would be crowded in a small area.
These types of barrels were also a good choice for stagecoach guards, who might end up defending their charges against may opponents. In such a situation, the guard might not have the time to get off more than one shot, in which case one shot that took out several attackers would, obviously, be a little more cheery than the alternative.
The killing power of the blunderbuss could be a devastating thing, but what it added in deadliness it lost in accuracy. The wider mouth tended to spray out its payload in a less-than-straight line, making for occasional and awkward Pulp Fiction-style complete misses of opponents. The gun was most effective at close range, against several opponents. At greater ranges, the gun was much less effective than its narrow-barreled cousins. Flintlocks
The flintlock pistol was the greatest advance in pirating since the wooden leg. Developed in the 1600s, these pistols revolutionized ship-to-ship combat (and on-land raiding). The concept was fairly simple: gunpowder was stuffed into the barrel. A lead ball, usually wrapped in some sort of fabric, was stuffed in. A metal rod (normally embedded in the bottom of the gun's barrel) was removed and used to jam the ball and powder as far back as possible, and as close as possible. A hammer (sometimes called a cock [insert giggles here]) was then pulled back half-way and left that way until the gun was ready to fire. The pistol technically was not meant to fire in this position, although sometimes they were known to go off half-cocked (and yes, that is the origin of that expression). When the gun was ready to be fired, the hammer (or cock, hehehehe) was pulled back all the way and the trigger was squeezed. A the top of the hammer, a piece of flint was held in place by a vice. When the trigger was squeezed, the hammer was released and the flint struck a metal plate known as a frizzen. A spark would be created, which would light the powder in the barrel, which in turn would make a satisfying "boom" sound. A by-product of this "boom" was the ejection of the lead ball from the barrel at a high rate of speed. Flintlock owners had to be careful that the barrel was not facing anyone when they created their "boom" sound or injury or death could result.
Moisture or water was one of the greatest threats to flintlock pistols. Wet powder would not light when sparked, so the flintlock owner would neither get the satisfying "boom" nor the lethal projectile flying from their barrel. Instead, this would often mean that they, themselves, would be the target of an opponent's satisfying boom and resultant projectile. That, or a sword through the esophagus.
See Strongblade's Captain Morgan' s Flintlock Pistol