Mace Windu was one of the most famous of all Jedi. Only Yoda, Anakin Skywalker and Luke Skywalker were perhaps more well known. Windu, born on Haruun Kal, Mace was orphaned as an infant and turned over to the Jedi for his upbringing. He was the youngest Jedi to be accepted into the Jedi Council (28-years-old), until Anakin Skywalker dethroned him (Anakin was 23 when he was accepted). Windu was a ferocious fighter, but he was just as good at diplomacy, and his words heled much weight in the Jedi Council. Before he killed people, Mace was known to give a long rambling prayer that ended like this:
...and I will strike down upon thee with great vengeance and furious anger those who would attempt to poison and destroy my brothers. And you will know my name is the Lord when I lay my vengeance upon thee."
I may be getting my movies mixed up here, though.
Windu's lightsaber was one of the few that was made with the gold-colored Electrum.The blade was also rare, in that it was purple. This color was acheived using an extremely rare crystal found on the planet Hurikane. The purple color was symbolic, indicating that the bearer had studied several forms of lightsaber combat, including delving into the dark techniques of the Sith.
Lightsabers are probably the oldest of the known sword types. Yes, that's right, oldest. They were, after all, created a long time ago, in a gala... ahem. Well, you get the point (please excuse that last sentence and what was, perhaps, the worst pun ever jotted down onto this website).
As far as the history goes, if you don't know, then I fear it's hopeless. Go rent some movies.
Oh alright, I'll try. Lightsabers are the chosen weapon of the Jedi, a powerful order of knights in the six Star Wars movies created by George Lucas.
The lightsaber consisted of a sturdy hilt with no crossguards and a short beam of laser energy that could cut through almost anything it struck. The beams were created using a focused blast of powerful energy. This energy was focused by a crystal embedded in the hilt of the weapon. The color of this crystal determined the color of the lightsaber's beam (and, occasionally, the sexual orientation of the weilder. Most notably, the pink lightsaber of Russell the Gentle, the slightly gay yet powerful Jedi of Gantoris. Russell the Gentle, in addition to his pink lightsaber, was known for designing most of the outfits for the Jedi and convincing Yoda that "a nice taupe color scheme would be delicious in the council chambers. Oh, and more plants, Yoda baby, more plants.")
The colors of the lightsaber said much about a jedi. Each color had its own symbolism. Anakin Skywalker started his career with a blue lightsaber. When he turned to the Dark Side, he switched to the red blade that only Siths use.
Jedis are supposed to build their own lightsabers when they come of age, and use this lightsaber for the rest of their days, or until someone cut their hand off and the lightsaber was lost, which seemed inevitable for most Jedis at one time or another.
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